Education

How to learn become hacker?

BY Jaber Posted August 10, 2023 Update August 14, 2023
How to learn become hacker?

Discover the steps to master hacking skills. Explore essential tools, techniques & ethics.



Table of Contents

  • Why would you want to become a hacker in the first place?
  • How to become a hacker... the complete path:
    • learn everything about computers and digital devices.
    • Explore different operating systems and also experiment with them.
    • Start in the field of Networking:
      • CCNA Training from Cisco:
      • Google IT Support Course and Certification:
      • Google Cloud Networking Course:
    • Choose the appropriate system for hacking:
      • Kali Linux:
      • Parrot OS:
      • Black Arch:
      • BlackBox:
    • Learn specialized programming languages and techniques in this field.
      • Python programming language:
      • C/C++ programming language:
      • Ruby programming language:
      • JavaScript programming language:
      • SQL programming language:
    • Learn and master the use of hacking tools and techniques.
      • Social engineering:
      • Learn the Metasploit Framework:
      • Learn Nmap / Zmap tools:
      • Learn Wireshark tool:
      • Learn Burp Suite tool:
      • Learn network hacking:
    • Specialize in the field and obtain certifications as well.
  • You are now ready to begin your career as a professional hacker.
  • FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
    • Is hacking illegal?
    • Do I need a formal education to become a hacker?
    • How long does it take to become a proficient hacker?
    • Can I become a hacker without programming skills?
    • Is it possible to have a career as an ethical hacker?

What you need exactly, dear reader, is a comprehensive article that lays out the correct path for you to become an ethical hacker. A path that encompasses and covers all the aspects you need to get started in this field, and it is classified and organized for you to follow step by step.

Why would you want to become a hacker in the first place?

We need to distinguish between White Hackers and Black Hackers because many people confuse them greatly. They believe that a "hacker" is someone who causes harm and that entering this field means learning bad and harmful things.

white hat vs black hat

In reality, a hacker is someone who is capable of both protection and penetration. Through a set of acquired techniques and experiences, they can examine systems and software, identify their weaknesses, and even exploit them. After that, they can patch or strengthen those vulnerabilities and receive substantial financial rewards from companies that benefit from their expertise in identifying security issues.

So, if you want to become a hacker, you will need to understand various information systems. You will be able to analyze these systems, identify any problems or flaws within them, and execute different penetration techniques to test the resilience of any system. Remember that you can always earn a lot of money through hacking, as it is currently one of the most profitable fields.

How to become a hacker... the complete path:

If you have finally decided to become a hacker, there is a path you must follow. This path consists of a series of stops and steps, and at each step, you must be determined, firm, and dedicated to learning and mastering its essence. Only by doing so will you eventually achieve the desired result of becoming a professional hacker. So, what are these steps? What is the correct path to becoming a professional hacker?

learn everything about computers and digital devices.

The most important thing a hacker needs to know first is how computers work, followed by other devices such as smartphones. It would be shameful to discover a Zero-day vulnerability in a company like Oracle, for example, when you barely know the difference between CPU and GPU. What you need to do first is familiarize yourself with computer components, how they operate, the essential elements in computer manufacturing, the role of the processor, RAM, graphics card, power supply unit, and more. You need to have a solid understanding of hardware before diving into software.

But why is this necessary? Because often, to gain access to or breach a specific system, you will need to connect different hardware to the computer, at the very least a USB flash drive. Sometimes these devices may not work or be malfunctioning, and you need to know the causes and effects to eventually gain access to penetrate that device.

Among the courses we suggest you start with in this field are the COMPTIA certification courses. They help you start in the IT field in general and even introduce you to the world of hardware and computers from the beginning.

 Explore different operating systems and also experiment with them.

Most of us have grown up with the Windows operating system, but that doesn't mean it is the system used in all computers and servers. You may need to breach a computer running macOS, for example, or gain access to a server using CentOS or RedHat. You will find yourself at a loss if you cannot handle the system in front of you (computer/server/device).

In the field of hacking, it is generally necessary to transition to the Linux system, especially the systems dedicated to penetration testing, such as Kali Linux or Parrot OS. So take some time, try out different systems, especially Linux distributions like Fedora, Ubuntu, Arch, and others. This will help you expand your knowledge of computer systems as a whole later on.

Start in the field of Networking:

The two mentioned paths or technologies are nothing but a warm-up before delving properly into the field of hacking and cybersecurity. To become a hacker, you must be familiar with the field of networking. In order to carry out some hacking operations, you need to establish connections with computers and other devices (such as servers). You must have a good understanding of how networking works, how computers connect to the internet, the devices that allow you to connect hundreds of computers from a single source, how to divide connections using devices like hubs and switches, and other concepts and technologies related to networking.

You may want to start in the field of networking by taking courses in this field and even obtaining specialized certifications such as:

CCNA Training from Cisco:

CCNA Training from Cisco

Most large companies now rely on Cisco systems and designs to organize their networks, and you should rely on them as well. The CCNA course from Cisco is considered the best course you can take in the field of networking to master it and understand it from scratch.

 Google IT Support Course and Certification:

 The Google IT Support certification, provided by Google, offers you everything about the world of computers and networks, how they work, how to install them, and even how to troubleshoot them in case of problems. By the end of the course, you can obtain a comprehensive certificate that enhances your employment opportunities.

 Google Cloud Networking Course:

Google Cloud Networking certification is also essential in the field of networking because cloud technologies are widely used now. Through this course, you can learn and familiarize yourself with everything about cloud technologies and even obtain a specialized certificate from Google in the field of cloud technologies.

These courses can set the starting point for you, but you have the freedom to explore many other courses and programs in the field of networking. There are numerous options, some of which are specialized, while others provide training to provide you with the necessary knowledge about networking.

Choose the appropriate system for hacking:

When choosing your path to becoming a professional hacker, you need to select a good hacking system that helps you accomplish various tasks easily. Unlike other fields, hacking relies heavily on tools and software. We're not saying here that Windows or macOS are bad; in fact, they can also be used in hacking and cybersecurity. However, your focus and interest should lean towards a hacking system that includes various ready-to-use tools and is suitable for experimenting with different types of hacks. Here's a brief overview of some powerful hacking systems that we recommend you choose:

Kali Linux:

Kali Linux

Undoubtedly the first choice, as it comes with hundreds of tools capable of testing all types of hacks. Whether you want to specialize in web penetration testing, hacking computers, devices, Android, or even Raspberry Pi chips, and execute various types of attacks, Kali Linux comes equipped with all that and more. It can be installed or used as a live boot version.

Parrot OS:

Parrot OS

Among the good hacking systems based on the Linux kernel, with a slight difference from Kali Linux. Parrot OS also provides you with a package of the best hacking tools, from the most famous to the lesser-known ones, making it one of the best penetration testing platforms.

Black Arch:

It is a heavy system with a wide range of tools, frameworks, and frameworks for penetration testing. Installing this system ensures that you have a vast array of tools and software ready to execute various hacking commands and start penetration testing like a professional.

BlackBox:

It is a good and lightweight system, with relatively fewer hacking software compared to the previous three systems. However, it remains one of the hacking systems capable of efficiently completing the required tasks.

Of course, you have the freedom to explore other systems or even try using Windows by installing it as a virtual system. You have complete, session truncated.

Learn specialized programming languages and techniques in this field.

Finding vulnerabilities, errors, and problems in systems and software is often translated into a programming mistake that the programmer forgot to cover. Therefore, you should be familiar with the programming world, especially programming languages specific to hacking. So, among the other things you should learn and use are programming languages, but you don't have to learn all of them, just some of them, especially those specialized in the field of security and hacking, including:

Python programming language:

Python is considered one of the fundamental languages in the world of security and hacking. The reason for this is that it is capable of creating a variety of hacking programs, and scripts can be developed quickly to perform specific hacking tasks using it.

C/C++ programming language:

Most systems rely on these languages, and they are essential for dealing with other programming languages as a whole. Learning C and C++ opens up many opportunities in the field of hacking and security.

Ruby programming language:

 Many people do not want to learn Ruby because it is not very popular, but in reality, most hacking programs you will use, such as Metasploit and others, are explicitly built on Ruby. The Ruby programming language is capable of creating powerful hacking software.

JavaScript programming language:

There is currently no platform that does not use JavaScript, so finding any issues in JavaScript and its frameworks is a winning card. Therefore, you should learn and master the JavaScript programming language, and perhaps some of its widely used frameworks, such as Node.js, for example.

SQL programming language:

In the field of hacking and security, you will also deal with relational databases, which heavily rely on SQL. How can you not learn it? Let's not forget that some hacking tools, such as SQLMap, are primarily based on SQL.

There are many other suggestions we have presented in this article for the most prominent programming languages specific to hacking, but the above package is essential or almost necessary for the future hacker.

Learn and master the use of hacking tools and techniques.

In the field of hacking and security, you also heavily rely on a set of tools and techniques specific to hacking. Your next task when you start in this field for real is to master the use of these tools and techniques. They are your means to scan websites, services, and software, perform website hacking experiments, execute attacks, and more. And because we want to provide you with sufficient guidance, there are some essential tools and techniques that you need to know how they work and even master them. Among them:

Social engineering:

One of the basic techniques that any hacker should know is social engineering, and you should also know and learn social engineering tools. Social engineering allows you to execute many attacks and penetrations. If you try to convince someone to download spyware made by you or click on a forged link of your creation, then you have hacked them!

Learn the Metasploit Framework:

 Metasploit

The Metasploit Framework is one of the most famous hacking frameworks, as it includes dozens of powerful software that allows you to hack anything you want and perform any hacking operation you desire.

 Learn Nmap / Zmap tools:

Nmap

Zmap can be considered the graphical version of Nmap. Nmap helps you search for open vulnerabilities in the network or system and how you can exploit that vulnerability as a backdoor for multiple purposes.

Learn Wireshark tool:

Wireshark

Wireshark tool helps you capture packets (signals sent by the computer to the router loaded with various information), analyze these packets, and even decrypt them.

Learn Burp Suite tool:

Useful for web application testing and detecting any vulnerabilities in the entire web system. It is essential for searching for any type of vulnerabilities and conducting website hacking experiments by exploiting them.

Learn network hacking:

Also essential to gain access to a specific network and try penetration testing of the computers within

 it or the network itself, especially if it is a network connected to multiple servers. It would be great if you could gain access to them.

And many other hacking tools on demand, such as tools for detecting web vulnerabilities like WPScan, XSS Scan, and others. Also, network hacking software, password guessing and cracking software, and more.

Specialize in the field and obtain certifications as well.

Now that you have reached this stage, you are ready to specialize in this field, not just make it a hobby. You can do this in several ways, the most prominent of which is taking a renowned course in the field of penetration testing offered by a specific company, along with a certification at the end. Among these certifications, we find, for example:

o   Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) certificate specializing in ethical hacking.

o   Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) high-level certification in the field of security and penetration testing.

o   Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) specializing in penetration testing as well.

o   Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP) certification from the same company that developed Kali Linux.

 

We have provided a detailed explanation of each of these certifications and others in our article titled "List of the Best Certifications in the Field of Ethical Hacking." Through the article, you will be able to understand the objectives of each certification and specialize in the one you desire.

You are now ready to begin your career as a professional hacker.

After following this path, I would like to be the first to congratulate you and inform you that you are now ready to embark on your journey in the field of professional ethical hacking. You are now capable of analyzing any type of systems (websites, software, applications, servers, etc.), extracting any vulnerabilities or security issues, and executing any digital attacks or penetration operations. You are now officially a professional hacker.


FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Is hacking illegal?

Hacking can be illegal if it involves unauthorized access or malicious activities. However, ethical hacking, conducted with proper authorization and for legitimate purposes, is legal and serves to enhance cybersecurity.

Do I need a formal education to become a hacker?

While a formal education in cybersecurity or computer science can provide a solid foundation, it is not a strict requirement. Many hackers acquire their skills through self-study, practical experience, and continuous learning from online resources.

How long does it take to become a proficient hacker?

The time it takes to become proficient as a hacker varies depending on factors such as prior knowledge, dedication, and the complexity of the skills being learned. It's a continuous learning process that requires ongoing practice and staying updated with the latest trends.

Can I become a hacker without programming skills?

Programming skills are highly beneficial for hackers, as they enable automation, tool development, and exploit creation. While it's possible to learn some hacking techniques without programming, having programming skills significantly expands your capabilities as a hacker.

Is it possible to have a career as an ethical hacker?

Yes, ethical hacking is a legitimate and rewarding career path. Many organizations, including government agencies and private companies, employ ethical hackers to help identify and mitigate security vulnerabilities, ensuring the overall security of computer systems and networks.

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