what is a vps server?

BY Jaber Posted August 10, 2023 Update August 14, 2023
what is a vps server?

Unlock the potential of a VPS server! Learn its features, benefits, use-cases, and more to elevate your website's performance and security.

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Do you know what a Virtual Private Server (VPS) is?

In this lesson, we will explain VPS hosting, how VPS servers work, their advantages, and disadvantages in detail.

A Virtual Private Server (VPS) is one of the most common and widely used web hosting services. It is a technology frequently used in the field of hosting websites and related services. Many questions arise about the nature and meaning of a Virtual Private Server (VPS), how it is used, and its key features, advantages, and disadvantages.


Throughout this article, you will learn what VPS is and take a closer look at its advantages, disadvantages, the difference between VPS and other hosting services, how to choose a good VPS server, and more. This article serves as a comprehensive introductory guide to Virtual Private Servers.

What is VPS?

VPS stands for Virtual Private Server. To explain the meaning of VPS, we need to first understand the basis of VPS hosting, which is the Dedicated Server.

A dedicated server is the actual physical server that resembles a personal computer in terms of components. However, the difference lies in the capabilities, specifications, size, storage capacity, random access memory (RAM), processor, operating systems, and more. The dedicated server is used for storing data and performing operations on it. It is commonly used for hosting websites, such as the website you are currently reading, which is hosted on a server connected to the Internet with high-speed connectivity, operating continuously without interruption. Examples of such servers include Google, Facebook, YouTube, and others.

However, due to the high capabilities of this type of server, its rental or ownership costs are extremely high, and a large sector of websites does not require such extensive resources and capacities.

Hence, there was a need for a technology that could reduce the cost of owning or renting a server by sharing resources with other users, while sacrificing a portion of the computational and storage capabilities that the user does not need. This is where the concept of virtual servers or virtualization came into play.

VPS (Virtual Private Server) VPS technology involves dividing the main server into smaller virtual servers, known as Virtual Servers. These virtual servers share the resources of the main server in a fixed and defined manner, ensuring that no virtual server exceeds its allocated portion and encroaches upon the resources assigned to another server.


As a result, each VPS becomes somewhat independent, having its own dedicated resources. It can be controlled and managed separately, isolated from the main server or other virtual servers that share the physical server.

Advantages of VPS

Hosting Every technology has its advantages and disadvantages, and VPS hosting possesses many advantages, making it one of the most popular web hosting services. Some of its key advantages include:

  Allows for multiple operating systems on the same server:

operating systems

One of the most significant advantages is that VPS technology enables users to use multiple operating systems (OS) on the same physical server. Whether it's different versions of Windows or various Linux distributions, each VPS is semi-isolated from other virtual servers, allowing it to use the desired operating system, even if it differs from the operating system of adjacent virtual servers or the main server itself.

Less expensive than a dedicated server:

VPS technology significantly reduces the high financial costs required to use a dedicated server. Users share the rental, operation, and management costs of the dedicated server, leading to a substantial reduction in the cost of using a server.

Guaranteed rights to server resources:

The division of resources on the dedicated server among VPS servers is done fairly from the beginning. No virtual server is allowed to encroach upon the rights of other virtual servers sharing the same server. Additionally, no virtual server can excessively utilize server resources, ensuring that it does not negatively affect other users, as is the case with shared web hosting.

To have full control over hosting:

One of the most important features of VPS hosting inherited from dedicated servers is that it gives you full control over the part that is allocated to you from the server. This is done through a control panel that ensures you can use your VPS server optimally. It also allows you to install and run any programs or technologies that suit your specific needs without being restricted by neighboring servers or the main server.

 More secure than shared hosting:

secure server

 The security of hosting: Since VPS virtual servers are semi-isolated from other servers and accounts on the same server, it becomes difficult for these servers to affect each other. This is the main advantage that distinguishes the use of VPS hosting from shared hosting, where accounts can be affected by each other, especially if the hosting company does not isolate the accounts from each other.

Drawbacks of VPS servers:

 As with different technologies, along with their advantages, there are also drawbacks or weaknesses, and the most prominent drawbacks of virtual servers are:

Higher cost than shared hosting:

 Higher cost

Although VPS hosting is less expensive than dedicated servers, it is also more expensive than shared hosting. We will discuss the comparison between virtual servers and shared hosting later in this article.

Requires expertise in server management:

Since VPS virtual servers give you greater control than shared hosting, they require expertise in server control, management, and operation.

The required tasks include installing the operating system, software, the control panel used, updates, server security, performance monitoring, troubleshooting, ensuring it operates at its best, etc.

If you don't have this expertise, you can seek assistance from a specialist to perform these tasks for you. Alternatively, you can relieve yourself of these responsibilities and use a Managed Virtual Private Server, where the hosting company takes care of all these matters.

More secure, but..

We mentioned earlier that this technology is characterized by being more secure than shared hosting. However, there is an important factor to consider, which is that you are responsible for a significant part of securing the server.

If you don't take proper care of this task by using strong security systems, firewalls, regular updates, etc., the server will be vulnerable to hacking.

What is the difference between VPS hosting and shared hosting?

We previously mentioned that there are many types and services of web hosting. Shared hosting is the most commonly used service in web hosting due to its affordability and many features.

Let's start by explaining shared hosting:


What is shared hosting?

As the name suggests, the principle of shared hosting is dividing the server into several smaller storage spaces that can utilize the server's resources. It allows only hosting and managing your website without accessing advanced server control elements.

shared hosting

You are only allowed to manage your personal account on the server, and you cannot modify the server's settings or access certain tools or permissions.

You can read the detailed article we wrote about shared hosting to learn more about the technology and service.

If you want to use shared hosting, here are the best shared hosting companies this month.

Comparison between VPS and shared hosting:

While VPS is a semi-dedicated server that allows you to add any programs or websites fully according to the capabilities available for this server. You can have complete control over the server and manage it fully.

The advantages of shared hosting lie in its low cost, which makes it widespread because it is cheaper than VPS hosting and dedicated hosting. Shared hosting is a suitable option for the majority of beginners and website owners who require limited capabilities, as hosting companies provide many necessary features at a low cost, making it popular among many people, especially for cheap hosting.

However, one of its major drawbacks is the lack of sufficient security measures. If the server is compromised or goes down, all the websites hosted on it will be affected. It is also very common for the resource.

Who needs VPS hosting?

Despite the ability of virtual servers to offer many advantages to website owners, they may not be effective in some cases.

Companies and large websites resort to using dedicated servers due to the availability of a large amount of data that requires substantial storage space. They also require powerful processors to efficiently handle complex computational tasks, in addition to securely storing data and ensuring that no other user can access it.

Therefore, these companies have the capability to purchase dedicated servers and often buy multiple servers. This can extend to purchasing large sets of servers that are placed in a data center, such as in the case of companies like Facebook and Google. These companies provide large spaces, powerful cooling systems, and ultra-fast internet connections for those servers.

Companies often connect these servers together to form what is known as cloud hosting.

How to Choose the Best VPS Server?

There are several factors to consider when choosing a hosting company for your VPS server. Many companies offer strong competitive offers to attract more customers.

Unfortunately, you won't know if the service is good or bad until you purchase the server. However, there are some factors to consider when selecting a virtual server:

  •   Deal with a good and reliable company.
  • Choose a server with suitable CPU processing power, RAM, and storage capacity.
  • Ensure that there are backup options if the data is important. 
  •  The server should use SSD storage for the operating system and software at the very least.
  •    Consider the quality of technical support provided by the company.
  • The server location should be as close as possible to the users or website visitors.

These are some of the key factors to consider when purchasing a server. You can save yourself the hassle by buying from one of the top VPS hosting companies that have been carefully evaluated, including specifications, prices, exclusive discounts, and offers for visitors.

Some companies offer significant discounts on server prices, while others provide free hosting and domain without any additional fees. Among the notable companies offering VPS hosting are:

  • Bluehost: One of the most popular hosting companies in general, offering managed VPS servers (more information).
  • Contabo: A renowned German company in the field since 2003, known for its significantly lower prices (more information).
  •  InterServer: An American company offering low-cost virtual servers (more information).
  • Liquid Web: An American hosting company known for service quality and technical support, although their prices are slightly higher (more information).

Question and Answer:

What is a VPS server?

A Virtual Private Server (VPS) is one of the most commonly used web hosting services. It offers better performance and security compared to shared hosting. You can read more about it in this hosting guide.

 Is VPS better than shared hosting?

In most cases, yes. VPS hosting is generally better than shared hosting, although this may not be the case for every shared or VPS hosting service.

Is VPS server cheaper than shared hosting?

No, in most cases, VPS hosting is more expensive than shared hosting. You can find cheaper shared hosting options here.

What is the best VPS hosting server?

There are many hosting companies to choose from, making the selection process challenging. Therefore, we have compiled a list of the best VPS hosting providers for you to consider.


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